The adoption of the 1850 compromise, as we have learned, drew cheers in Washington and elsewhere, and the crowd shouted, “The Union is saved!” Fillmore himself called the 1850 compromise a “definitive solution” to sectional issues, although the future of slavery in New Mexico and Utah remains uncertain.  The accession of new states or the organization of territories in the remaining unsegerated portion of Louisiana`s purchase could also reignite the polarizing debate on slavery.   Not all accepted the 1850 compromise; A South Carolina newspaper wrote: “The Rubicon has passed… and the southern states are now vassals in this confederation. Meanwhile, many northern countries were dissatisfied with the ephemeral slavery law.  The debate over slavery in the territories resumed in 1854 by the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Fillmore, which was striving to find a quick solution to the Texas conflict on the border with New Mexico, which threatened to become an armed conflict between Texas militias and federal soldiers, reversed the government`s position in late July and rejected its support for compromise measures.  At the same time, Fillmore challenged Texas` claims about New Mexico, claiming that the United States had promised to protect New Mexico`s territorial integrity in the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty.  Fillmore`s energetic reaction helped Texas Senators Sam Houston and Thomas Jefferson Rusk support The Stephen Douglas compromise. With their support, a Senate bill that provides for a final settlement of The Texas borders won a few days after Fillmore spread his message. In accordance with the provisions of the law, the United States would take over Texas` debt, while the northern border of Texas was set at the parallel north border of 36-30` (the Missouri Compromise Line) and much of the western border followed the 103rd Meridian. The bill received support from a bipartisan coalition of Whigs and Democrats from both sections, although most of the opponents of the law came from the South.  The Senate quickly addressed other important issues and introduced bills that provided for California`s admission, the organization of the New Mexico Territory and the introduction of a new refugee rights law.  John C.
Calhoun, a former vice president who became a senator from South Carolina, wanted to extend slavery to new territories, but wrote in a speech to the Senate in 1850, “I believed from the beginning, senators, that the agitation of slavery, if not avoided by timely and effective action, would end up at odds.” Clay`s omnibus bill. Clay knew that the problems that separated the country went beyond the countries of the war with Mexico. Many countries in the North feared that slaves would still be bought and sold in the country`s capital, while the countries of the South wanted a more effective way than the Slave Act of 1793 to take back their runaway slaves. In January 1850 Clay introduced a series of resolutions known as the omnibus act that dealt with all outstanding issues. The bill provides that California would be admitted to the Union as a free state; New Mexico and Utah would be organized as territories with the status of slavery to be decided by popular sovereignty; the slave trade, but not slavery itself, would stop in the District of Columbia; The Refugee Slavery Act would be strengthened; Congress has stated that it has no right to interfere in the interstate slave trade; The controversial Texas-New Mexico border would be adapted; and the United States would take over Texas` debt. Until 1845, it seemed likely that slavery would be limited to areas where it already existed. It had been limited by the Missouri compromise of 1820 and had not had the opportunity to exceed it.