The purpose of this Agreement is to promote international cooperation in tax matters through the exchange of information. It was developed by the OECD Global Forum Working Group on Effective Exchange of Information. The agreement is the standard for an effective exchange of information in line with the OECD`s harmful tax practices initiative. This agreement, published in April 2002, is not a binding instrument but contains two model bilateral agreements. A number of bilateral agreements were based on this agreement.  A bilateral tax treaty, a type of tax treaty signed by two countries, is an agreement between jurisdictions that mitigates the problem of double taxation that can arise when tax legislation considers that a natural corporation or corporation is resident in more than one country. As regards business taxation, the Commission is currently examining options to address the problems outlined in the Commission`s 2001 study on corporate taxation. Topics include the issue of equal treatment of EU citizens and the application of bilateral agreements in situations involving more than two countries (triangular situations). Member States` double taxation treaties will continue to be examined by the CJEU. In particular, the problems arising from the current lack of coordination in this area, in particular in triangular situations and in relation to third countries, will continue to increase.
In the space of Community action, there may be important political and economic implications for Member States` policies in this area. The Commission therefore hopes that its approach of gradual and moderate coordination of Treaty policies will finally be supported and that it will encounter a constructive attitude on the part of the Member States. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is a group of 36 countries committed to promoting global trade and economic progress. The OECD Tax Convention on Income and Capital is cheaper for capital-exporting countries than for capital-importing countries. It obliges the country of origin to waive all or part of the tax on certain categories of income of residents of the other contracting country. The two countries concerned will benefit from such an agreement if trade and investment flows between the two countries are fair and if the country of residence taxes all exempt income of the country of origin. The agreement was born out of the OECD`s work to combat harmful tax practices. The lack of an effective exchange of information is one of the key criteria for determining harmful tax practices. The mandate of the working group was to develop a legal instrument to establish an effective exchange of information.
AustriaAccess to various bilateral agreements, including tax treaties One of the most important aspects of a tax treaty is the withholding tax policy of the treaty, as it determines the amount of tax levied on income (interest and dividends) on securities belonging to a non-resident. For example, if a tax treaty between country A and country B states that their bilateral withholding tax on dividends is 10%, country A will tax dividend payments that go to country B at a rate of 10% and vice versa. International tax law regulates the taxation of income generated by a natural person or company outside his or her country of origin. This research guide focuses on international tax law and international tax practice in the United States. It also includes bilateral tax treaties, foreign tax laws (enacted in countries other than the United States), and comparative tax law research in several jurisdictions. .