OTTAWA — The renegotiated North American Free Trade Agreement will enter into force on July 1, three years after talks began with the revision of the trilateral trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico. In addition to the original NAFTA provisions, the USMCA borrows significant credits under the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreements and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). On April 3, 2020, Mexico announced its willingness to implement the agreement and joined Canada.  The agreement came into force on July 1, 2020.     “We negotiated an agreement that makes sense,” he said. “It`s positive from an economic confidence point of view, and it was even a little better what we signed yesterday, which is very good for our economy and good for Canadians.” But when the text of the new agreement was released Tuesday, after the Democratic-controlled House of Representatives secured significant changes, it was clear that it was a “complete overhaul,” Lee told the CTV news channel. In a major concession to Democrats, the Trump administration has agreed to support some protective measures for a class of drugs called advanced and very expensive drug biologists. The final agreement nullifies a provision that, for ten years, provided protection for drugs from cheaper alternatives in both Canada and Mexico. Experts had described the NAFTA agreement as 2.0 and expected updates and adaptations to the 1993 agreement, said Ian Lee, an associate professor at Carleton University. On May 30, U.S. Trade Representative Robert E. Lighthizer presented Congress with a draft declaration on the administrative steps needed to implement the U.S.-Mexico Agreement (USMCA and the new NAFTA), in accordance with the 2015 Presidential Trade Promotion (TPA) Administrative Action Statement.
The project will allow congress to be presented to Congress, after 30 days, on June 29, a law to implement the USMCA. In a letter  to Nancy Pelosi, House of Representatives spokeswoman Kevin McCarthy, the minority leader of the House of Representatives, the Republican, told Lighthizer that the USMCA was the gold standard in U.S. trade policy, modernizing the competitive trade in digital, intellectual property and services in the United States and creating a level playing field for U.S. businesses. , workers and farmers, an agreement that represents a fundamental shift in trade relations between Mexico and Mexico. We should copy the processes of other countries. From the outset, the EU and the US have much more public and parliamentary participation in the trade negotiations of the agreement. In these countries, processes – by law and design – are more open. Negotiating objectives are debated in parliaments and committees, public consultations are mandatory and economic analysis is part of the process. Changes have been made to the so-called “origin” rules for cars. Basically, that means there is a new requirement where every vehicle that is manufactured has to put a certain amount of high-wage work in it, as well as a certain amount of North American materials. The revised agreement comes into force after a slight revision of the agreement at the end of 2019 to satisfy U.S.
Democrats and after it was ratified by the respective legislative bodies of the three countries.