Singapore launched our climate change plan in July 2016, which explains our strategies for adapting to the effects of climate change, such as implementing measures to protect coastal areas and infrastructure. The plan also outlines our approach to reducing CO2 emissions by 2030, which includes (i) improving energy efficiency; (ii) reducing CO2 emissions from electricity generation; (iii) the development of the most modern low-carbon technologies; and (iv) to respond through collective action by government authorities, individuals, businesses and the community. These measures are reflected in Singapore`s climate promises (i.e. our national contribution or NDC) under the UNFCCC. In July 2015, we announced our goal of reducing emissions intensity by 36% by 2030 from 2005 levels and stabilizing emissions to the highest value. Eric Bea, a researcher at the NEI Centre for Environmental Legislation for Asia-Pacific, who is also participating in COP25, said Singapore`s updated promises on climate change and its long-term strategy for the development of low-emissions emissions would serve as a guide for future strategies. SINGAPORE – The Republic will soon update its climate promises to guide its long-term policy, Environment and Water Resources Minister Masagos Zulkifli said on Tuesday (December 10th). The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which defines the framework for governments` cooperation in the fight against climate change on the basis of the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capacities, taking into account different national situations”, is at the heart of global efforts. Under the UNFCCC, international negotiations have been under way since the 1990s to strengthen international action against climate change. Singapore ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1997, acceded to the Kyoto Protocol in 2006 and also ratified amendments to the second commitment period (2012-2020) of the Kyoto Protocol in 2014. At the 21st UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP-21) in Paris on 12 December 2015, countries adopted the Paris Agreement, a universal and legally binding agreement to combat climate change after 2020. Singapore ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 in New York, in addition to 30 other countries. The Paris Agreement came into force on November 4, 2016, 30 days after exceeding the ratification threshold and total emissions of more than 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions by the ratifying parties.
After three years of negotiations, the parties then agreed to conclude the Paris Agreement (PAWP) work programme, which sets out the modalities, procedures and guidelines for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, at COP-24 in Katowice, Poland.