Anti-dumping duties are instituted to protect a SACU industry from unfair trade when foreign producers export products to its sold at prices below their domestic selling prices, causing or threatening to cause significant harm to the SACU industry. As part of the USTR-led Trade Advisory Council, the Department of Commerce and USTR manage 14 ITACs and more than 300 trade advisors who provide the Minister of Commerce and the U.S. representative with detailed policy and technical recommendations and recommendations on trade barriers, trade agreement negotiations and implementation of existing trade agreements on industrial sectors; and other advisory functions that are relevant to U.S. trade policy issues. The main changes to South Africa`s trade policy stem from South Africa`s commitments in the Uruguay Round multilateral round of negotiations, culminating in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1994) and the creation of the WTO in 1995. Further changes were made by South Africa`s regional and bilateral trade agreements following the formation of the new democratic government in 1994. As the USTR website states: “The U.S. Congress established the private sector advisory system in 1974 to ensure that the objectives of U.S. trade policy and trade negotiations adequately reflect U.S. trade and economic interests.
Congress expanded and expanded the role of this system in subsequent trade laws, the most recent of the Trade Act 2002. The advisory committees provide information and advice on U.S. negotiating objectives and negotiating positions before concluding trade agreements, how a once-concluded trade agreement works, and other issues related to the development, implementation and management of U.S. trade policy. ITAC 10 is one of 22 advisory committees for the technical sectors and sectors; ITAC 10 is dedicated to the theme “Financing Services and Industries.” Although the 1994 GATT and the WTO anti-dumping agreement are legally binding on South Africa, they are not part of South Africa`s national legislation. This stems from the fact that the 1994 GATT and the WTO anti-dumping agreement have never been transposed into South African law by national law, and Article 231, paragraph 4 of the Constitution provides that an international agreement will only become a law in the Republic “when it enters into force under national law”. Therefore, these agreements do not have rights or obligations that are enforceable under South African domestic law. The international provisions on the right of the parties to apply anti-dumping measures are set out in Article VI of the 1994 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1994) and the agreement on the implementation of Article VI of the 1994 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (commonly known as the WTO Anti-Dumping Agreement). These agreements and nearly 60 other agreements, annexes, decisions and agreements are the result of Uruguay`s round of multilateral trade negotiations from 1986-1994, which culminated in the creation of the WTO on 1 January 1995. In 2003, ITAC was commissioned to succeed BTT. The creation of ITAC was aimed at streamlining, streamlining and modernizing an organization with a history dating back to the 1920s. ITAC has pursued a strategic use of international trade instruments in its focus on dominant commercial and industrial imperatives.
ITAC fulfils its mandate within a defined political framework. The new growth trajectory (NGP) places employment at the heart of economic policy in defining trade policy and calls for a trade policy on development.